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 Nissan Silvia History

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Nissan Silvia History   Τρι 12 Νοε 2013 - 4:29

Nissan Silvia


The Nissan Silvia is the name given to the company's long-running line of sport coupes based on the Nissan S platform. Although recent models have shared this chassis with other vehicles produced by Nissan (most notably the European 200SX and North American 240SX in the S13 and S14 generations, and 180SX in the Japanese market), the name Silvia is not interchangeable with the chassis codes.



Overview
Production 1964–1968
1974–2002
Assembly Iwaki, Fukushima, Japan
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Layout FR layout


CSP311



The Nissan Silvia CSP311 made its public debut at the Tokyo Motor Show in September 1964 as the "Datsun Coupe 1500". The introductory model was a hand-built coupe based on the Fairlady convertible, styled with input from Count Albrecht Goertz. The CSP311 was powered by the 96 hp 1.6 L Nissan R series engine. The engine was equipped with twin SU carburetors. Production ceased in 1968 after a mere 554 were made (mainly in 1965), every one unique with hand-formed body panels. Most of the cars remained in Japan; however, 49 examples were exported to Australia and another 10 went to other countries. The low production numbers and tedious method of construction assured each car was unique and valuable; this is reflected by the car's purchase price of almost twice as much as the next model in the manufacturer's lineup at the time. After production ceased in 1968, the name Silvia would not grace another Nissan until 1974. Its marketing approach was similar to the Isuzu 117 Coupé.

Overview
Also called Datsun 1600 Coupe[1]
Production 1965–1968
554 produced
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Platform Datsun CSP311 platform
Related Datsun Fairlady SP311
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L R OHV I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,280 mm (89.8 in)
Length 3,985 mm (156.9 in)
Width 1,508 mm (59.4 in)
Height 1,275 mm (50.2 in)
Curb weight 977 kg (2,154 lb)

S10



The S10 was the first mass-produced Silvia built on the S platform. This was "Nissan's compact, rear-wheel-drive, sporty car platform".[2] Japanese versions were exclusive to Nissan Japanese dealerships called Nissan Prince Store along with the larger Skyline.
The S10 featured less "traditional" lines than similar offerings from rivals Toyota and Mazda and was summarily less popular with consumers in most markets. In Japan it was fitted with an L18 I4 engine, which it shared with the Datsun 610/Bluebird 180B. The Japanese version introduced Nissan NAPS emission control technology at its introduction. In the North American market a version incorporating the larger-displacement L20B was offered as the 200B of the same series Bluebird and Skyline. This model in North America was affixed with the mandated 5 mph (8.0 km/h) bumpers and badged as the Datsun 200SX. The S10 Silvia and Datsun 200SX were based on the Datsun B210. Its success in both markets was limited, most buyers opting for the Celica over what was considered the more mundane S-Chassis. The car had the same drivetrain as the cult-classic 510, but with cart springs in the rear rather than the 510's independent rear suspension. Its appearance seems to be influenced by the 1970–1975 Citroën SM.

Overview
Also called
Datsun 200SX (US)
Datsun 180SX
Production 1975–1979
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door fastback
Platform Nissan S platform
Related Nissan Sunny
Powertrain
Engine
1.8 L L18 SOHC I4
2.0 L L20B SOHC I4
Transmission
3-speed 3N71 automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,340 mm (92.1 in)
Length 4,135 mm (162.8 in)
Width 1,600 mm (63.0 in)
Height 1,300 mm (51.2 in)
Curb weight 990 kg (2,180 lb)

S110




Nissan Silvia coupe with FJ20E DOHC engine
This iteration of the Silvia (sold in United States and Canada as the Datsun 200SX and in Mexico as the Datsun Sakura), available as a 2-door hardtop coupe and a new bodystyle 3-door hatchback. The Japanese market version of the hatchback was called the Gazelle and was exclusive to NIssan Bluebird Store locations sold alongside the Fairlady Z, while the coupe bodystyle Silvia remained exclusive to Nissan Prince Store locations alongside the Skyline.
This generation Silvia was uniquely progressive in that it was originally intended to feature a rotary engine, designed and built by Nissan. The resulting unit was fairly unreliable, and forestalled production. Coincidentally, it shared a chassis code with the also ill-fated Mazda Cosmo, first Japanese production car to feature a rotary engine. The chassis was no longer shared with the B-series Nissan Sunny, and was upgraded to the larger A-series Nissan Stanza platform.
The car was redesigned shortly after it was released and the Wankel power plant was replaced by a line of conventional piston engines based on the new Z-series engine. These included the Z20 and the turbocharged and fuel-injected Z18ET, although the latter of the two was only available to the Japanese domestic market. In USA/Canada the 200SX had the Z20E with H165 rear axle from 1979 to 1981. From 1982 to 1983, it had a Z22E engine with H190 rear axle. Vehicles with engines under 2000cc are still considered "compact" vehicles under Japanese regulations regarding engine size.

Nissan rebagded the Silvia as the Gazelle coupé and hatchback so that Nissan's different dealership networks in Japan could all carry their own variants of the model. There are minor cosmetic differences between the two cars,

This generation saw the introduction of the Nissan 240RS (BS110), a coupe fitted with the 2.4-liter DOHC FJ24 engine. The 240RS was built between 1983 and 1985, its production extending the end of the S110 itself. The resulting machine became Nissan's official rally car in the World Rally Championship from 1983 to 1985, and finished 2nd in the 1983 New Zealand Rally.


Overview
Also called Nissan Silvia (S110) 2-door coupe
Nissan Gazelle
Datsun 200SX (United States & Canada)
Datsun Sakura (Mexico)
Datsun 180SX
Production 1979–1983
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
Platform Nissan S platform
Related Nissan Stanza
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L SOHC Z18ET I4
2.0 L SOHC Z20E I4
2.2 L SOHC Z22E I4
2.0 L DOHC FJ20E I4
2.4 L DOHC FJ24 I4 (240RS)
Transmission 3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 4,400 mm (173.2 in)
Width 1,680 mm (66.1 in)
Height 1,310 mm (51.6 in)
Curb weight 1,105 kg (2,436 lb)


S12



The S12 was produced from 1984 to 1988, with revisions to the exterior trim in 1987 (referred to as "Mark II"). It was sold in two configurations—a coupe (often called a "notchback" due to the side profile view of its rear window section) and a hatchback version.
A number of different engines were equipped in the S12 chassis, depending on production year and more specifically on the geographic market. These engines borrowed from previous designs, or in some cases, inspired future engine platforms (with the exception of the FJ series, which was designed solely with Rally competition in mind). For instance, the CA series initially borrowed design cues from the NAP-Z series. The CA18DET's DOHC head design was similar to that utilized in the later "RB" engine series, the inline-six engine that powered the Skyline GT-Rs. Certain trims had the S12 equipped with an optional V6 engine also shared by the 300ZX (Z31) of the same vintage; this engine would be augmented with dual cam heads for the Z32.

North America

The S12 chassis in North America was badged as a "200SX". The Coupe was available with a 2.0L SOHC engine (CA20E), while the hatchback received both the 2.0L SOHC engine, and a 1.8L SOHC Turbo (non-intercooled) engine (CA18ET). For 1987 in the United States, Nissan discontinued the Turbo model and created the "SE" model which had a 3.0L SOHC V6 engine (VG30E), generating 160 hp (120 kW) and 174 lbf·ft (236 N·m) of torque. This was the same engine offered in the non-turbo 300ZX for that generation. For 1988 the "SE" model received a 5 hp (3.7 kW) gain from using the later "W" series revisions of the VG30E with a total output of 165 hp (123 kW) while torque remained the same at 174 lbf·ft (236 N·m).

Europe

The S12 chassis in Europe was badged as a "Silvia", with notable exception of Sweden where it was sold as a "180ZX". This is a curiosity because "ZX" is traditionally associated with the Nissan Z platform. The European S12 was available only in the hatchback configuration, with the same 1.8L SOHC Turbo (CA18ET) used in North America, and in some areas the 2.0L DOHC "FJ" engine (FJ20E). The "FJ" engine series was originally designed for the 240RS rally race car as a 2.4L carburated system (FJ24), and was underbored to 2.0L. It also saw use in the "DR30" Nissan Skyline chassis, in both turbocharged and naturally aspirated versions.

Australia

The S12 chassis in Australia was badged as a Gazelle. The Australian Gazelle was available in both the coupé and hatchback. Trim levels comprised the GL (basic) and the luxury-oriented SGL with electric mirrors and windows. It was equipped with the same 2.0-liter SOHC (CA20E) engine found elsewhere producing 78 kW at 5,200 rpm, and 160 Nm of torque at 3,200 rpm. This engine was mated to either a five-speed manual gearbox or a four-speed automatic. This has made the S12 Gazelle very popular for engine conversions among motoring enthusiasts, as a sports coupé the CA20E was not quite powerful enough, as were the brakes (front disks were very small, rear drum brakes standard). the CA18DE/T, being a direct bolt in replacement for the CA20E, is quite popular and requires no modification to the drive train other than the engine itself.
When the S13 Silvia was introduced in 1988, the Gazelle nameplate was discontinued. The Nissan 180SX took its place in Japan, although in Australia there would not be a replacement until the introduction of the Silvia-based Nissan 200SX in 1995.

Gazelle coupe (Australia)

Gazelle hatchback (Australia)

Japan

As with the S110, the S12 chassis in Japan was badged as both a Silvia and a Gazelle. The S12 Silvia in Japan was available in a hatchback as a basic model only, or as a coupé in base, RS, and RS-X trims. The S12 Gazelle was strictly a hatchback, available in regular, RS and RS-X variants. The RS was equipped with the 2.0L DOHC "FJ" engine (FJ20E), while the RS-X was equipped with the same engine in a turbocharged version (FJ20ET). In 1987 Nissan discontinued the FJ Series engine in the S12 and installed the updated version of the older CA, with dual cams and a bigger turbocharger—the CA18DET.
Japanese spec Gazelle models came with many options like voice command, fog lights and options for a variety of different motors (FJ20E, FJ20ET, CA18DE, CA18E, CA18DET.). The RS-X model also came with different factory alloy wheels.

Revisions

The S12 chassis in 1984-86 is referred to as "Mark I", with "Mark II" as a revision in '87. Below lists the description of both.

Mark I

The first trim of the S12 chassis. Bumpers featured matte-finish raised surfaces, and sides featured half-inch rubstripping. Cars featured a honeycomb radiator grille, and long corner lights. The RS-X trim in Japan and Europe received a hood bulge accent to accommodate the oversized dimensions of the FJ20E/ET engine, and featured a faux front vent with monogram (either FJ20, DOHC, or TURBO); In North America, the 1984 Turbo came with a "TURBO" monogrammed hood bulge accent, although all subsequent North American Mark I hoods were flat regardless of trim. In some markets, the 1984 and 85 could be had with a foam rubber deck spoiler. In 1986 the foam rubber deck spoiler was changed for a fiberglass version with an integrated third brake light. Some hatchbacks and all Turbo models came with ground effects, as did the RS-X coupes These had a combination of plastic mudflaps (monogrammed as either "NISSAN", or "SILVIA" in applicable markets) and accommodating foam rubber sideskirts, as well as a foam rubber lower deflection lip. 1984 year foam rubber sideskirts featured the "NISSAN" monogram.

Mark II

In 1987, the bumpers were updated, and the matte finished surfaces were eliminated for a more uniform surface. Rubstripping was increased to 2-inch height w/ scribe detailing. The honeycomb radiator grille was replaced with a slatted version that spanned the entire front end (previous was shorter), and cornerlights were shortened. The "SE" model and the Turbo (Canada, Europe) came with new fiberglass ground effects and mudflaps, painted in the color of the car, and a new and more pronounced lower deflection lip in the front. All Mark II S12's received a new reverse-cowl hood bulge design to accommodate clearance for the 3.0L V6. Optional rear mudflap accents were available.

Drivetrain/Engine

CA18ET CA18DET CA20E FJ20E FJ20ET VG30E
Aspiration Single turbo Single turbo Natural Natural Single turbo Natural
Valvetrain SOHC 8-valve DOHC 16-valve SOHC 8-valve DOHC 16-valve DOHC 16-valve SOHC 12-valve
Cylinders 4 4 4 4 4 6
Displacement 1809cc/1794cc 1809cc 1974cc 1990cc 1990cc 2960cc
Max Power 120 hp @ 5200 rpm /122 hp catalyst and 2 spark per cylinder (european version) 169 hp @ 6400 rpm 102 hp @ 5200 rpm 148 hp @ 6400 rpm 188 hp @ 6500 rpm 160 hp @ 5200 rpm (1987) 165 hp @ 5200 rpm (1988)
Max Torque 134ftlb (181.7Nm) @ 3200 rpm 156ftlb (211.6Nm) @ 4000 rpm 116ftlb (157.3Nm) @ 3200 rpm 136ftlb (184.4Nm) @ 4800 rpm 173ftlb (234.6Nm) @ 4800 rpm 174ftlb (235.9Nm) @ 4000 rpm
Drivetrain Rear-wheel drive
Transmission 4-speed automatic / 5-speed manual

Drivetrain variations

Code Name H190 R180 R200
Style Solid Axle Independent Independent
Years 1983-1984 1985-1988 1984-1988
Engines CA20E CA20E CA18ET
CA18DET VG30E FJ20E FJ20ET
Ring Gear Size 7.5" 7.0" 8.0"
Limited Slip No No No (Most)
Yes (Some FJ20ET models)
Ratio 4.11:1 & 3.90:1 (Auto & manual) 4.11:1 4.11:1 & 3.90:1(VG30E models only)

Special Editions

Nissan Silvia Grand Prix
In Europe, a limited-run (~50 units) version of the S12 was produced and sold as the "Silvia Grand Prix" model. Based on a Mark I chassis, it was powered by the FJ20E (with a few known to be sold with the CA18ET), and featured molded-in fiberglass wide body fenders and quarter sections and special edition wheels.
The widebody exterior grabs design cues from popular European rally car platforms of the time (e.g. Audi Quattro, BMW M3 Sport Evolution, Renault 5 Turbo 2, etc.), although Nissan's choice of the FJ20E over the FJ20ET suggests this was more of a "rally inspired" car rather than a serious performance trim. The Silvia Grand Prix holds the distinction as the rarest incarnation of the S12, and is generally considered something of a collector's item. The Mark II revision of the S12 chassis marked the end of the Silvia Grand Prix.

Motorsports

Nissan Silvia 200SX 1988 Safari Rally runner-up car
The elimination of Group B from the World Rally Championship signified the end of Nissan's FJ24-powered 240RS. The FJ20ET-powered Silvia RS-X of 1986 would have been Nissan's first choice, however there was an insufficient number of that exact trim sold in Japan to meet the WRC's Homologation requirements (5,000 units or greater). Nissan had to quickly find a car to replace the 240RS.
The North American 1987 200SX SE V6 was chosen and competed in 1986-89 as a 200SX. Nissan's creation and choice of this car ensured they could sell 5000 cars required for WRC Homologation. The S12 "SE" trim's V6 held particular appeal to the North American market, allowing Nissan to sell well over 5000 cars to a single specification. The V6 was a very unusual choice as the WRC was dominated by 4-cylinder 2.0 L turbocharged engines, although it is interesting to note that for similar reasons Toyota entered WRC with the 6-cylinder Supra at the same time. The 200SX achieved a 1st place in the 1988 Ivory coast rally and 2nd place for two years running in the very challenging Safari Rally 1988 and Safari Rally 1989.

Overview
Also called Nissan 180ZX (Sweden)
Nissan 200SX (North America)
Silvia (EU and JP)
Nissan Gazelle
Production 1984-1988
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
Layout FR layout
Platform Nissan S platform
Related Nissan Stanza
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L SOHC CA20E I4
1.8 L SOHC Turbo CA18ET I4
1.8 L DOHC Turbo CA18DET I4
3.0 L SOHC V6 VG30E
2.0 L DOHC FJ20E I4
2.0 L DOHC Turbo FJ20ET I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed L4N71/E4N71 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,425 mm (95.5 in)
Length 1984-86: 4,430 mm (174.4 in)
1987-88: 4,460 mm (175.6 in)
Width 1984-86: 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
1987-88: 1,669 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1984-86: 1,330 mm (52.4 in)
1987-88: 1,280 mm (50.4 in)
Curb weight 1,170 kg (2,580 lb)

S13



The S13 Silvia, introduced in mid-1988 the 1989 model year, was immensely popular in Japan. The Silvia name was no longer used on export models, however; European models were now known as 200SX. In North America, the S13 was known as the 240SX. The Nissan 200SX nameplate would return on a 3 door hatchback version of the B14 Nissan Sentra (1995–99). The S13 was based on the first generation Nissan Cefiro, the A31. Following industry trends, the S13 Silvia switched to relampable fixed headlights. Projector optics were offered as an option.
The S13 Silvia coupe was made from 1988 to 1994, overlapping with the S14 Silvia introduced in 1993. The Nissan Silvia used fixed headlights; whereas, the 180SX, simply a hatchback version of the Silvia, introduced at the same time used pop-up headlights. The hatchback version, called the Gazelle, was no longer offered in Japan, but remained in production internationally until 1995. A Silvia convertible was briefly offered soon after the start of production, but it was never popular, perhaps due to high cost (3.25 million Yen in 1988), heavier curb weight, and chassis flex.
The S13 was one of the first uses of Nissan's multi-link rear suspension, the technology of which was previewed in concept cars in previous years, such as the Nissan MID4. It also offered a four-wheel steering system for the first time, known as HICAS-II. In 1990, HICAS-II was updated and renamed SuperHICAS. The S13 also saw the introduction of a viscous-type limited slip differential for some models.
S13 Silvias were initially powered by the CA18DE and CA18DET engines carried over from the end of S12 production, with an intercooler added to the CA18DET for a slight increase in stability and power. In mid-1990, (for the 1991 model year) the SR20DE and SR20DET engines debuted, offering improvements across the board in power and torque due to increased displacement and a more efficient turbocharger than was offered on the previous cars. One of the other simple changes that was made between the CA generation and the SR generation was the switch to a single colour paint job, instead of the two-tone colour sets that were previously offered. On top of this, the SR motor later debuted another variant of the platform known simply as the "black top". Identifiable by its black and silver rocker-cover (as opposed to the traditional red/silver cover), it featured a number of minor changes, resulting in little performance gain. It is vastly different to the more powerful "notch top" used in the S14 and S15 variants.


One of the rare Silvia Convertibles
In the U.S. the S13 was replaced after the 1994 model year by the new S14 design, but lived on till 1999 in Japan with a major face lift, the 180SX Aero (Type X). this was the "Kouki" generation, while the previous was "Chuki" gen. The Kouki featured newly design tail lights a redesigned aero body kit and out fitted with an airbag . In 1998, the S13 Silvia was resurrected, in part. A variant was produced by Kid's Heart for Nissan called the Sileighty, which featured the 180SX body with the front end from the Silvia. The Sileighty style was originally created by Japanese enthusiasts for their own 180SX's, and is still a common modification for the 180SX and 240SX fastback. The Sileighty also made an appearance in a Japanese anime and manga series known as Initial D. The series (based around the Japanese motor sports of Touge and drifting) featured the Sileighty in one of the last battles of the First Stage (or first season in the anime).
The creation of the Sileighty then followed by another version of the Silvia known as the Onevia. Based on the chassis of the S13, the front end of the Silvia would be removed and replaced with the front end of a 180SX. The Onevia was never retailed as a complete car in Japan (though it was in North America: the notchback version of the 240SX was essentially a left hand drive version of the Silvia with the 180SX/240SX nose).
There was also a retro-styled car (á la the Zimmer Golden Spirit) which used the S13 Silvia's centre portion, engine, and underpinnings. It is called the Mitsuoka Le-Seyde and was built in a very limited series in 1990.

Trim level designation

The S13 Silvia was the first S-series car to use the J's, Q's, and K's designations for the different trim packages. These names are references to the face cards of English playing cards.
The J's was the base model . The Q's model offered a slightly more refined experience and received electric options and an available LSD. The K's grade received the turbocharged CA18DET or SR20DET (depending on the year of manufacture) in addition to the options offered on the Q's.
On top of the K's and Q's models, the Club and Diamond Selection packages came with specific options bundled together. For example, all K's Club Selections came with projector headlamps, a rear spoiler, and 15" aluminum wheels while all Q's models came out with automatic climate control.
The Silvia A's "Almighty" was introduced in late 1992. Trim wise, the Almighty slotted between the J's and Q's, offering options not available on J's, but not including all the standard features of the Q's. The only available engine/transmission was the naturally aspirated SR20DE coupled with the four-speed automatic or a five-speed manual.

Overview
Production 1989–1994
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Platform Nissan S platform
Related Nissan 180SX
Nissan 200SX (Europe)
Nissan 240SX (North America)
Sileighty
Powertrain
Engine
1.8 L CA18DE I4
1.8 L CA18DET turbo I4
2.0 L SR20DE I4
2.0 L SR20DET turbo I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2474 mm (97.4 in)
Length 4521 mm (178 in)
Width 1689 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1290 mm (50.8 in)
Curb weight 1224 kg (2700 lb)

S14



The S14 Silvia debuted in Japan towards the end of 1993. It was lower and wider than the S13. New rounded styling contributed to the illusion of a greater increase in size than actually occurred. Wheelbase and track were both increased, leading to slightly improved handling. Unlike export markets, where sales of the S14 chassis variants faltered, the Silvia remained popular in Japan. However, the width dimension exceeded 1700mm, which pushed this generation out of the compact class tax bracket, which made Japanese buyers liable for additional yearly taxes.
Trim level designations were similar to the S13, however the Club Selection package was dropped. "Aero" variants of the Q's and K's were offered that featured large rear wings and mild ground effects.
The S14 Silvia K's received a new version of the SR20DET, with a slight bump in power due to the implementation of Nissan's variable cam timing system known as N-VCT, on the intake cam, and a larger T28 turbocharger.
There was a mild styling update to the S14 during 1996, which added aggressive-looking projector headlamps and tinted taillights to all models. Fascias and other exterior trim pieces were also revised. The turbocharger now used a more efficient ball bearing center section. This updated version is also known as the kouki (後期, literally "later period") S14, or by enthusiasts as the S14A. A similar car was sold as the second generation 240SX in the United States from 1995 to 1998. The final model year of S14 production in all markets was 2000, called the Touring Model, which had a better engine, pistons and a high throttle on lower gears.
The S14 was sold in Taiwan as the AREX Elite 901.

270R

The Nismo 270R was a limited edition vehicle developed by Nissan Motorsports. The vehicle was built on the S14 chassis but had many enhancements over the Silvia. Only fifty 270Rs were ever built and they were only produced in 1994. The '270' is in reference to the horsepower of the unique car as opposed to the displacement of the engine (as other vehicles, including the 240sx, were previously named upon). The 270R featured a vented hood, Nismo 'Edge' Aero kit, heavy duty clutch, 2-way limited slip differential, and a front mount intercooler, NISMO logo front and rear seats among other upgrades. All the 270s were painted black with 'Nismo 270R' badging above the rear wheels and a product numbered plaque in the glove compartment.

Autech Version K's MF-T

Tuning company Autech, has a tuned adaption of the CS14 King's variant. This includes Aero style HUD with white displays and gauges for oil pressure, boost, and voltage in the centre console, along with a MOMO steering wheel and leather gear knob. The interior trim is also revised.
Handling improvements include multi-link suspension, firmer shocks and springs, front strut brace, and a rear sway bar. A large F40 style rear spoiler and aero bodykit with Autech indicators are also fitted. An "Autech Version K's MF-T" badge and sticker can be found on the boot.
An IHI ball bearing turbo (VN14) was fitted in favour of the Garrett T28 for slightly quicker response and flow. Larger 480 cc Injectors found in the later S15 Spec R's were also fitted as well as a thicker 80 mm intercooler also found in S15's. To help expel exhaust, a higher flowing Fujitsubo Giken (FGK) exhaust was fitted.
The engine is an Autech-tuned SR20DET that produces 182kW (245hp/250PS).
According to the Autech website, the vehicle is still available at a cost of ¥2.99 million yen (US$26,875).


Overview
Also called AREX Elite 901
Nissan 200SX
Nissan 240SX (North America)
Production 1995–2000 (1995–1998 in U.S.)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Platform Nissan S platform
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L KA24DE I4
2.0 L SR20DE I4
2.0 L SR20DET I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4498 mm (177.0 in)
Width 1727 mm (68.0 in)
Height 1288 mm (50.7 in)
Curb weight 1253 kg (2762 lb)

S15



Japan saw a new version of the Silvia (S15) in 1999, now boasting 250 hp (184 kW) from its SR20DET engine, thanks to a ball-bearing turbocharger upgrade, as well as improved engine management. The SR20DE (non-turbo motor) featured 165 hp (121 kW).
The S15 Silvia included aggressive styling inside and out, updating the previous Silvia styling in-line with modern car design trends. The body dimensions were reduced from the previous generation so that it would comply with Japanese Government compact class, which had an effect on sales of the previous model.
The S15 Silvia model lineup was initially simplified to just the Spec-S and Spec-R, both models offering an "Aero" variant with a large rear wing and side skirts/valances.
This generation of the Silvia was only sold in Japan, Australia and New Zealand but was available as a grey import in most other countries. In Australia and New Zealand the car was sold as the Nissan 200SX.
Within the Australian domestic market (AUDM), the S15 sold in 2 trim levels as noted above; Spec-S and Spec-R - however both models featured the SR20DET motor, albeit slightly detuned from the JDM spec cars. Nissan S15s were never officially sold with the naturally aspirated SR20DE engine in Australia or New Zealand. These two models were available at Nissan showrooms until the Nissan 200SX GT was introduced in 2002, the last year of production for the S15. Main differences here were namely the wheels being finished in a silver shadow chrome and updated larger rear wing.

New Zealand S15 200SX

The S15 was sold in Taiwan as the AREX Elite 951.
As of 2002, Nissan stopped producing the S platform with the S15-series Nissan Silvia being the final variant.

Variants

Spec-R

The Spec-R differed from previous Silvia models by featuring a 6-speed manual transmission. The Spec-R also included extensive chassis and suspension strengthening via the use of larger anti-roll bars and strut bracing. The S15 featured the same 4-piston front brake calipers that were found in the S14 but included a larger brake booster.
One of the biggest changes to the S15 model of the Silvia fitted with the 6-speed manual transmission was the implementation of a helical limited slip differential. The result was a safer, more track suited drive; in some contrast to its drifting heritage and subsequent media attention. All other versions of the Silvia (S14, S15 Spec S JDM) came with the viscous limited slip differential.
As with many Nissans, HICAS (High Capacity Active Steering) four-wheel steering was available as an option.

Spec-S

The Spec-S featured only a 5-speed manual transmission (in addition to a 4-speed automatic available on both the Spec-S and the Spec-R). It also lacked the additional chassis support of the Spec-R; featured 4-piston front brake caliper and a slightly smaller brake booster. The Spec-S also only featured open differential. Note that Australian delivered Spec-S models featured the same helical differential, chassis bracing and 6sp manual transmission as the Australian delivered Spec-R models.[3]
The S15 line was later expanded to include various luxury and upgrade option packages for both the Spec-S and Spec-R. Autech, a specialty car developer, also offered several tuned versions of the S15; one with body and interior trim modeled after the Ferrari 456, called the style-A, available in both Spec-S and Spec-R based trims; and a second tuned version was based on the Spec-S trim level with the engine output increased to 200 hp (150 kW) through the use of increased compression, more aggressive camshafts, and free-breathing intake and exhaust tracts, along with ECU tuning and upgrades to the chassis and suspension. This version also included the 6-speed transmission and other upgrades normally found only in the Spec-R.
There was also a convertible variant of the Silvia, called the Varietta, featuring a folding retractable hardtop. The Varietta was built by Autech and was based on the Spec-S model, featuring the same naturally aspirated engine, with a choice of the 5-speed manual transmission or the 4-speed automatic transmission.
Production of the Silvia ended in August 2002 amidst Nissan's efforts to reduce its myriad of platforms. The S15 Silvia was therefore the last car to hold the Silvia badge. Nissan's worldwide sports car platform is now the FM Platform, which underpins the current Fairlady Z (the 350/370Z outside Japan), as well as the 2001–Present Nissan Skyline (the Infiniti G35/37 in North America

Overview
Also called AREX Elite 951
Nissan 200SX
Production 1999–2002
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform Nissan S platform
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L DOHC-I4 (SR20DE), 165 PS 2.0 L DOHC Turbo-I4 (SR20DET), 250 PS
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99 in)
Length 4,445 mm (175 in)
Width 1,695 mm (67 in)
Height 1,285 mm (51 in)
Curb weight 1,200–1,450 kg (2,646–3,197 lb)
Chronology
Successor None

Nissan 180SX



The Nissan 180SX was a hatchback coupe (though Nissan marketed it as a fastback in most of its markets) based on the S13 chassis from the Nissan S platform, and sold in Japan; and in some other countries under the 200SX name.

Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan 200SX
Production 1989–1998
Body and chassis
Class Sport Compact
Body style FR coupe
Platform S13
Related Nissan Silvia S13
Nissan 240SX
Sileighty
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L CA18DET I4
2.0 L SR20DE I4
2.0 L SR20DET I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,474 mm (97 in)
Length 4,521 mm (178 in)
Width 1,689 mm (66 in)
Height 1,290 mm (51 in)
Curb weight 1225 kg (2700 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Gazelle S12
Successor Nissan Silvia S14

In North America, it was sold as the Nissan 240SX. It was sold as a sister model to the Nissan Silvia from model year 1989 through 1998. The S13 Silvia was discontinued in 1993, but the 180SX was successful enough to convince Nissan to keep it in the market for the full length of the next generation Silvia. The 180SX differed from the S13 Silvia in that it featured pop-up headlamps and a liftgate. Specifications and equipment were similar; however, the naturally aspirated CA18DE engine was not offered.[2]
The name 180SX was originally in reference to the 1.8 liter displacement CA18DET engine used in the chassis. In 1991, however, the engine was upgraded to a 2.0 liter model, offered in two forms: the naturally aspirated SR20DE engine and the turbocharged SR20DET variant. Although the new engine was of larger displacement, the 180SX nomenclature remained.
180SX was also a trim level of the S110 Silvia in Europe. The badges for this model read "Silvia 180SX", so this car is not properly a 180SX by model, but a version of the Silvia instead.
Other discrepancies from this standard were distributed to Micronesia and South Pacific islands, including LHD cars with 180sx badges and non-retractable headlamps.
Like the Japanese 180SX SR20DET discrepancy, European, as well as South African models of the S13 chassis were called 200SX though equipped with the CA18DET engine.
In Europe the car was sold as a 200SX and only featured the CA18DET engine producing 169 PS (124 kW; 167 hp) through the rear wheels, taking it to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 7.5 seconds and onto 220 km/h.[3] The car had a facelift in 1991 with new smoother bumpers, limited slip differential, and larger brakes. This model was sold between 1989 and 1994 until the change to the 200SX S14 version.

180SX generations

Early model 180SX
The 180SX came in three major iterations: first was released in 1989, the second from 1991 to 1996, and the third that ended production in December 1998. S13
The first iteration of the 180SX came in two versions called Type I (standard type) and Type II (advanced type). Nissan's HICAS II four wheel steering system was optional only on the Type II 180SX. All versions had the CA18DET engine with 175 hp. The 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions were available in all types.
The second iteration 180SX was released in January 1991 and included several major changes from the first model. This included the SR20DET engine with 202 hp. Although the engine was larger than the previous CA18DET engine the '180SX' nomenclature remained. The brakes were enlarged and limited slip differential added. The front bumper and parts of the interior were also redesigned. Type I and Type II were once again offered with only trim differences separating the two. The 15-inch alloy wheels also changed in design from the first model. Nissan's Super HICAS four wheel steering was an option on all models as were 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions.


Final 180SX, showing the revised tail lights, spoiler, and rear trims
The second iteration was facelifted in January 1992. Although the car largely remained visually and mechanically unchanged, an additional trim level called Type III was added. Electronic climate control and CD audio were also added as options.
An additional facelift was performed in 1994, the trim levels were renamed to Type R and Type X, with Type X being the higher of the two. Overall the car remained almost unchanged however.
A final facelift to the middle model occurred in May 1995 with the addition of a drivers side airbag and a change of alloy wheels amongst other minor details.
The final iteration was released in August 1996. It had a revised front bumper, tail lights, 15-inch wheels and interior. The mechanical and safety package received minor changes, such as the addition of a driver’s side airbag, seat belt pre-tensioners, and some changes in the wiring and ECU. Three levels of 180SX were offered: Type X, Type S and Type R, with the Type S being the first 180SX to be offered without a turbocharged engine.
The Type X and Type R both shared the same 205ps engine and overall mechanical package however the Type R lacked many of the cosmetic additions of the Type X such as the front lip, rear spoiler, side skirts and 15-inch alloy wheels. The Type S was powered by a naturally aspirated SR20DE engine with 140 ps, but was similar in mechanical and cosmetic details to the top of the range Type X. The Type S however did not have the option of Nissan's Super HICAS four-wheel steering system like the turbocharged models did.
The Type X and Type R ceased production in October 1997 however the Type S and an additional naturally aspirated model called the Type G continued production until December 1998 when all 180SX production ceased.

RS13U

This section is about this vehicle's European model. See Nissan 240SX for information on the North American model and 180SX for Japanese model
200SX RS13U
Overview
Also called Nissan 180SX (Japan))
Production December 1988–December 1993 (prototypes from Jan '93)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
Platform Nissan S platform
Related Nissan Cefiro
Nissan 240SX
Sileighty
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L CA18DET I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2474 mm (97.4 in)
Length 4521 mm (178 in)
Width 1689 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1290 mm (50.8 in)
Curb weight 1224 kg (2700 lb) (Automatic with air con)

The RS13U 200SX is a fastback 3 door hatch with a body shell like the Japanese market 180SX. The notchback coupe version was never offered in the European market - though a number of Japanese Silvia have been imported privately. Like its predecessor the Nissan Silvia (R)S12 in the European market it used pop-up headlights. The RS13U 200SX was made until December 1993 but sales continued from stocks in the UK until the end of 1994. For a few months both 200SX S14 and RS13U were available.
RS13U 200SX were all powered by the CA18DET engines carried over from the end of S12 RS-X production, with an intercooler added to the CA18DET for a slight increase in stability and power. The SR20DET was never offered as it would have needed a new European type test.
The chassis with McPherson front and multilink rear suspension was common to all S13 and RS13 models. The European 200SX initially had 257mm front brakes and rear disc service brakes with drum parking brakes in the rotor hubs. Later models had larger 280mm front brakes.
The European 200SX RS13U had a number of parts as standard that were Nismo optional parts in Japan. Water/oil heat exchanger. Differential oil cooler AND extended finned rear cover holding 0.6L more oil, even on models with open differential. Alloy radiator. 3.916 Final drive ratio. These were required as the RS13U 200SX has no speed limiter and any car in Europe could visit West Germany where on the Autobahn it could legally be held at very high speeds for a sustained length of time. Japanese cars are fitted with a 180 km/h, 112 mph speed limiter.
Digital climate control was not fitted to European models. HICAS rear wheel steering wasn't available. Nor was the later Japanese model's sports automatic gearbox control.
The FS5W71C gearboxes had different ratios to all other S13/S14. A key change was the layshaft gear which changed from 22/31 to 21/32, thus running the layshaft slower and at higher torque. This gearbox is considered weaker than other S13/S14 gearboxes. The front of the SR20DET gearbox with bell housing can be removed and a CA18DET bell housing fitted to allow the gearboxes to be swapped.

Trim level designation

UK

For the UK there were various trim levels but it never used GL/SL etc. that other Nissan models used.
The early models had highback sports style seats with a fixed headrest. The seats, door cards and glove box were fabric in a blue and brown stripe/flecked pattern. It had 13 hole "tear drop" alloy wheels, which gave a lower Cd than later 7 spoke wheels. The carpets were a short loop pile in black. A spoiler was fitted on the back of the hatch, this has an overhang to the rear.
On the introduction of the smooth bumper facelift Nissan also offered the "200SX Executive". This doesn't appear on the car at all but only on the UK vehicle Log Book. The Executive was a locally enhanced specification produced by the UK importer AFG. At launch and as tested by the press it initially had limited slip differential, leather seats (high back seats re-trimmed in UK), leather trimmed steering wheel and gear knob, headlamp washers, air con, sun roof and a multi change CD player in the boot. Some cars that were sold as Executive arrived without sunroof so a local accessory sun roof was fitted during the upgrade. It very quickly lost the CD player and the leather seats for low back seats with adjustable head rests. During the period that the Executive was sold the base model was downgraded to steel wheels. As most cars with steel wheels have had alloy wheels fitted and the grey waffle fabric trim on seats and doors was common, it's no longer easy to tell an Executive from a base model and the log book must be checked. The cabin carpet was now a long "cut" pile in a pale blue.
When the Executive was discontinued all 200SX got the 7 spoke alloys.
Late model UK cars sold in 1994 had a much higher trim level, often confused with the Executive. They had low back grey Leather seats, a slot CD player / radio and 3 CD storage drawers in the space below. The CD player also required use of a separate amplifier mounted under the CD player. The door and glove box trim was a suede like pale blue/grey Alcantara.

West Germany

German cars had a solenoid operated variable pressure windscreen wiper. It increases wiper blade pressure at speeds over 75 mph. This was to prevent the blades lifting off the screen at high speed.
In 1989 L.S.D became standard, a low back seat was introduced, headlamp aiming control was added.


Engine

CA18DET SR20DE SR20DET
Aspiration Single Turbo Naturally Aspirated Single Turbo
Valvetrain DOHC 16 valve
Cylinders 4
Displacement 1809cc 1998cc
Max Power 127 kW (173 hp) @ 6400 rpm 102 kW (137 hp) @ 6400 rpm 153 kW (205 hp) @ 6000 rpm
Max Torque 225 Nm (166 ft•lbf) @ 4000 rpm 178 Nm (131 ft•lbf) @ 4200 rpm 274 Nm (203 ft•lbf) @ 4000 rpm
Drivetrain Rear wheel drive
Transmission 4-speed automatic / 5-speed manual
Performance[edit]
CA18DET SR20DE SR20DET
0–100 km/h 6.9/7.5s (manual/automatic) (Europe) 7.7s 6.5s
0-400m 14.9s(Best Motoring Tests) ? 17s 14.5s
Max speed 180 km/h, electronically limited / 230 km/h(Europe)
Suspension[edit]
Front: McPherson strut
Rear: Multi-link

Gear ratios

CA18DET Automatic CA18DET Manual CA18DET Manual (Europe) SR20DE Manual SR20DET Automatic SR20DET Manual
1st 3.027 3.321 3.592 3.321 2.785 3.321
2nd 1.619 1.902 2.057 1.902 1.545 1.902
3rd 1.000 1.308 1.361 1.308 1.000 1.308
4th 0.694 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.694 1.000
5th N/A 0.838 0.821 0.838 N/A 0.759
Final 4.363 4.363 3.916 4.111(S13) 4.083(S14/S15) 3.916 4.083

Related vehicles

The 180SX is one of the cars based on the Nissan S platform.
The S13 platform also includes:
Silvia - The first S13 based production car. Different body with no liftgate.
240SX - North American version of the 180SX. Left hand drive with a 2.4 L NA engine.
Sileighty - A 180SX with S13 Silvia front end.
200SX - Name given to the 180SX in Europe and North America. This name was also given to the S14 and S15 series Silvia on the Australian market.

Nissan 240SX


Overview

Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Silvia (Notchback)
Nissan 180SX (Hatchback)
Nissan 200SX (in some parts of Europe)
Production 1989–1998
Assembly Kanda, Fukuoka, Japan,
(Kyūshū Plant)
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Layout FR layout
Platform Nissan S platform
Powertrain
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual

The 240SX is a sports car that was introduced to the North American market by Nissan in 1988 for the following model year. It replaced the outgoing 200SX (S12) model. Most of the 240SX were equipped with the 2.4-liter inline 4 engine (KA24E from 1989–1990 and KA24DE from 1995–1998). The KA24E had a single over-head cam and KA24DE had dual over-head cams.The capacity to expand the engine bay, to numerous contents.
Two distinct generations of the 240SX, the S13 (1989–1994) and the S14 were produced based on the Nissan S platform. The SR20DET was never legalized or introduced into the North American market in a 240SX, though some like to import them.
The 240SX is closely related to other S platform based vehicles, such as the Japanese-market Silvia and 180SX, and the European-market 200SX. Although their names are similar, the 240SX is unrelated to the 240Z or the 280ZX.
Contents  [hide]
1 First generation / S13 (1989–1994)
2 Second generation / S14 (1995–1998)
3 Motorsports
4 Production numbers In the United States
5 See also
6 References
First generation / S13 (1989–1994)[edit]

First generation
(S13)
Red 240SX II.jpg
Overview
Production 1989–1994
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
2-door convertible
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L KA24E I4
2.4 L KA24DE I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,474 mm (97.4 in)
Length 4,521 mm (178.0 in)
Width 1,689 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1,290 mm (50.8 in)
Curb weight 1,224 kilograms (2,698 lb)

The first generation of the 240SX can be divided into two distinct versions, both having the sporting advantage of rear wheel drive standard. Each of these variants came in two distinct body styles: fastback, which was offered in both base and SE trim, and coupe, which was offered in base, LE and bivenlar race car platinum edition trim levels. Both styles shared the same front bodywork as the Japanese-market Nissan 180SX, featuring the sloping front with pop-up headlights. This bodywork distinguishes the coupe model from its Japanese-market counterpart, the Silvia, which featured fixed headlights. Both styles in all markets share the same chassis, and with few exceptions, most components and features are identical. The 240sx is a popular car in the sport of drifting due to its long wheelbase, low cost, ample power, and abundant aftermarket support.
1989 and 1990 models are powered by a naturally aspirated 140 horsepower (100 kW), 160 pound-feet (220 N·m) 2.4l SOHC KA24E engine with 3 valves per cylinder (instead of the turbo-charged and intercooled 1.8-liter DOHC CA18DET offered in Japan and Europe in the 180SX and Silvia). Four-wheel disc brakes were standard, with antilock brakes available as an option on the SE. Both models were offered with either a 4-speed automatic or 5-speed manual transmission. "Coupes" offered a Heads-up display (HUD) with a digital speedometer as part of the optional Power Convenience Group.


Nissan 240SX convertible

The 240SX received some updates in 1991. This gave the car an overhaul that included a minor update of the exterior and a new cylinder head. The front bumper was updated and a new "LE" hatchback trim package was added that included leather interior. The SOHC KA24E was replaced by the DOHC KA24DE, now with 4 valves per cylinder, rated at 155 horsepower (116 kW) and 160 pound-feet (220 N·m). An optional sports package including ABS, a limited slip differential, and Nissan's HICAS four wheel steering was now available on hatchback models. In 1992, a convertible was added to the lineup and was exclusive to the North American market. These vehicles began life in Japan as coupes and were later modified in the California facilities of American Specialty Cars (ASC).[1] For the 1994 model year, the only available 240SX was a Special Edition convertible equipped with an automatic transmission. The US 240sx convertible differed from the Japanese market version, in that the Japanese market model had a power top cover boot, whereas the US market model had manually installed boot cover once the top is down.
The S13 was known for sharp steering and handling (thanks to front MacPherson struts and a rear multilink suspension) and relatively light weight (2700 lb) but was regarded in the automotive press as being underpowered. The engine, while durable, was a heavy iron-block unit that produced meager power for its relatively large size. It was only modestly improved by the change to the DOHC version in 1991. These engines are the primary difference between the North American 240SX and the world-market Silvia/180SX/200SX. The KA24DE did not come turbocharged while the SR20DET did. Other differences include a standard limited slip differential on overseas and Canadian models, available digital climate control in Japan, and manual seat belts standard in Japan and Canada vs. automatic restraint seatbelts in America. The 240sx S13 model came standard with a dual tip exhaust system, as well as a single tip exhaust system.

Second generation / S14 (1995–1998)

Overview
Production 1995–1998
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L KA24DE I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,498 mm (177.1 in)
Width 1,727 mm (68.0 in)
Height 1,288 mm (50.7 in)
Curb weight 1,253 kg (2,762.4 lb)

The 240SX was redesigned in the spring of 1994 as a 1995 model. The hatchback and convertible body styles were eliminated, leaving only the coupe. The wheelbase of the car grew 2 inches (51 mm) and the track width was also increased, while the overall length of the vehicle was slightly shorter than the previous generation. The curb weight of the vehicle increased by about 80 pounds relative to the 1994 model.[2] Dual air bags were added and the automatic seatbelts were replaced with common manual type. The pop-up headlights were removed in favor of fixed lamps. Though the general layout remained the same, almost all parts were redesigned to the extent that very few parts are interchangeable. The chassis was changed slightly to increase stiffness (Nissan claimed 50% torsional, 100% bending rigidity increase)[citation needed] and utilized higher rear strut mounts. The fuel tank, previously located at the rear end under the trunk floor, now sat in front of the rear suspension and behind the rear seats.

The base model had 4-lug, 15-inch wheels, a softer suspension, no rear sway bar, and no remote trunk opening option. Base model dealer options could have features added such as leather, ABS, & a viscous limited-slip differential. SE and LE models came equipped with 5-lug, 16-inch alloy wheels, a stiffer suspension than the base model, and a rear sway bar. The LE was basically an upgraded SE model, equipped with leather seats, keyless entry, an antitheft system, and a CD player. Antilock brakes and a viscous limited-slip differential could be had as an optional package to both base and SE/LE models.


S14 "Kouki"

In 1997, the 240SX received minor updates. The different looks of the S-Chassis are referred to as before change "Zenki" as seen on the right, and after change "Kouki" as seen on the left. Changes were primarily aesthetic, including new projector headlights, front bumper, hood, fenders, and revised taillights and center panel. Side skirts became standard on the SE and LE trim level. 1998 marked the end of production for the Nissan 240SX, with no further variations released in America. The later generation of the 240sx suffered in sales due to the competition from other car manufacturers. Every 240SX was built in Kyūshū, Japan. The last 240SX rolled off the assembly line on July 23, 1998.
Motorsports[edit]



Nissan 240SX in IMSA GT series


The 240SX was successfully raced in several motorsports including the IMSA GT series. The 240SX ran in the GTU class in the IMSA Camel GT series and won several manufacturer and driver championships.[citation needed] As the sport of drifting gains momentum and popularity in the United States the 240sx has become one of the most popular platforms thanks to its front-engine, rear-wheel drive set-up and large aftermarket support.
Production numbers In the United States[edit]

All models (including convertibles):
1989 - 68118
1990 - 60582
1991 - 34534
1992 - 27033
1993 - 21471
1994 - 1391
1995 - 25114
1996 - 7334
1997 - 3655
1998 - 2178
Total cars produced from 1989 to 1998: 251410[citation needed]
Convertibles only:
1992 - 2327
1993 - 4602
1994 - 1391
Total convertibles produced from 1992 to 1994: 8320[citation needed]
Production numbers total those acquired by American Specialty Cars.

Sileighty



Kids Heart Sileighty

An unofficial Sileighty, that is, a 180S with a Silvia front-end.

Overview
Manufacturer Nissan, Kids Heart
Also called Nissan 180SX
Nissan Silvia
Production 1998
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style Coupe
Layout FR layout
Platform RPS13
Powertrain
Engine SR20DET
230 PS (227 hp) @ 6200 rpm
33.6 kgf-m (243 ft·lbf) @ 4000 rpm
Dimensions
Length 4,540 mm (178.7 in)
Width 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1,290 mm (50.8 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
A Sileighty (シルエイティ?) is a Nissan 180SX with a Nissan Silvia's headlights, front fenders, hood, and front bumper installed, hence the 'Sil' in front and the 'eighty' rear.

History

The Sileighty (also written as Sil80) originated through early street racers in Japan who owned Nissan 180SXs with damaged front ends. Because the Silvia's front panels and lights were lighter and cheaper than the 180SX replacement parts, many drifters used these parts instead. Unknown to the public until the release date, these end user modifications inspired a Japanese auto shop, Kids Heart, to produce a small number of so called "official" or "real" Nissan Sileighties. It is on record that 500 cars were made by this shop, and were only sold in 1998.[1] Essentially the kouki (late model) 180SX Type-X tuned for drifting, the cars are distinguished from their home-built brethren by the distinctive "Sileighty" name on the rear dressplate and quarter windows. The Sileighty includes performance-oriented modifications such as a new ECU, a stiffer suspension system, an improved limited-slip differential, and an increase in turbocharger boost from 7 psi (0.5 bar) to about 13 psi (0.9 bar), resulting in approximately 230 hp (172 kW), versus 205 from the standard Silvia's SR20DET or the 180SX's 175 hp (130 kW) CA18DET. The Sileighty is not recognized by any government as a Nissan manufactured model; instead it is generally treated as the model of the original car before modification.

Variations

It has become common for owners of the S13 240SX, the North American version of the Nissan S platform, to make their own Sileighties by importing a Silvia front end and installing it onto a 240SX fastback. When done to a S13 240SX notchback or convertible (both of which are based on the regular Silvia, not the 180SX), it's usually referred to as a JDM Silvia conversion.
Another variation is sometimes called the Onevia, which consists of 180SX parts on the front end of an S13 Silvia. Nissan sold similar configurations in the US as the S13 240SX (notchback) coupe and convertible models.
While technically a 'Sil80', the combination of the 180SX body with an S15 Silvia front end can be referred to as an 'S13.5' for clarity, the '.5' denoting the front end conversion, similarly an S14 front end would be '.4' (Or '4a' for an S14a front) and an S13 front end would be '.3'. This naming scheme can be referred to for all models S13-S15, e.g. S13.5, S14.5
Occasionally the S15 front end conversion is referred to as the 'strawberry face conversion' due to the Japanese words for 1 and 5 which are ichi and go and when put together (ichigo) they make the word 'strawberry,' hence Nissan S platform vehicles with the S15 front end conversion occasionally being referred to as strawberry faces.
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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Nissan Silvia History   Κυρ 17 Νοε 2013 - 13:48

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